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The CSS sepia() Filter Function

This article demonstrates how to the use the CSS sepia filter function on elements with CSS filter. Included is code and examples.

The sepia function is a value of the CSS filter property. Sepia applies a reddish-brown color called sepia to the target HTML element. This can also include an image.

Syntax

filter: sepia(value);

Parameters

  • value (required)

The value parameter of the sepia is a percentage or a number. A value under 100% is less sepia, while a value greater than 0% is more sepia. 100% is completely sepia and 0% leaves the element unchanged. The range between 0% and 100% is a linear proportion of the element’s conversion. Values over 100% are accepted but are clamped to 1 and negative values are not allowed. The default value when the parameter is not supplied is 1 and interpolation is 0.

Examples

The examples below uses numbers and percentages values for the parameter of the sepia filter function.


sepia(0)       /* No sepia */
sepia(0%)      /* No sepia */

sepia(19%)     /* A sepia of 19% */
sepia(0.12)    /* A sepia of 12% */
  
sepia(0.21%)    /* A sepia of 21% */
sepia(1%)      /* A sepia of 1% */
sepia(0.56)    /* A sepia of 56% */

sepia(1)       /* Completely sepia */
sepia(100%)    /* Completely sepia */

Usage

You can apply the sepia filter to any element or image by using CSS selectors.

#element-id {
  filter: sepia(87%);
}

img {
  filter: sepia(0.45);
}

Try It

The CSS Sepia Filter Function
The CSS Sepia Filter Function

HTML

<div class="wrapper">
  <img src="https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/s.cdpn.io/46992/noah-silliman-141979.jpg" alt="" />
  <img src="https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/s.cdpn.io/46992/noah-silliman-141979.jpg" alt="" />
  <img src="https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/s.cdpn.io/46992/noah-silliman-141979.jpg" alt="" />
</div>

CSS

.wrapper img {
  width: 300px;
  height: 300px;
  object-fit: cover;
  border-radius: 6px;
  margin: 0 20px;
  vertical-align: middle;
}

.wrapper img:nth-child(1) {
  filter: sepia(0%);
}

.wrapper img:nth-child(2) {
  filter: sepia(50%);
}

.wrapper img:nth-child(3) {
  filter: sepia(100%);
}

html {
  text-align: center;
  min-height: 100%;
  background: linear-gradient(white, #ddd);
}

.wrapper {
  width: 100%;
  background: transparent;
  text-align: center;
  -webkit-box-align: center !important;
  -ms-flex-align: center !important;
  align-items: center !important;
  -webkit-box-pack: center !important;
  -ms-flex-pack: center !important;
  justify-content: center !important;
  display: -webkit-box !important;
  display: -ms-flexbox !important;
  display: flex !important;
  height: 100%;
}

html,
body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
}

Specifications

W3C CSS Filter Effects Module Level 1
#funcdef-filter-sepia

Other Filter Functions